Cipro: Most Frequently Prescribed Antibiotic

There are various bacterial infections which must be treated with the help of antibiotics. Cipro is often prescribed in such cases. This antibacterial agent belongs to fluoroquinolone antibiotics and fights a wide range of infections. Any brand or generic Cipro review confirms the fact that the drug is rather effective and provides a good result in case proper dosage and frequency of administration are defined, and shows that Cipro is one of the most frequently prescribed antibiotics. Generic versions of high quality are produced legally, as the patent of its first manufacturer expired in 2004.


The action of Cipro is based on its ability to block DNA gyrase and some types of topoisomerase, which allows stopping cell division. The active agent of the medicine is ciprofloxacin hydrochloride. Cipro is usually prescribed in case of:ciprofloxacin 500 mg

  • Infectious diarrhea;
  • Bone or joint infections;
  • Chronic prostatitis caused by bacteria;
  • Acute sinusitis;
  • Bronchiectasis;
  • Low respiratory tract infections;
  • Pneumonia;
  • Skin infections;
  • Anthrax infections;
  • Urinary tract infections;
  • Gonococcal infections;
  • Plague;
  • Typhoid fever.

It’s important to know that Cipro is effective only if the disease is caused by bacteria. Before choosing antibacterial therapy, you must make sufficient tests to find out whether the organisms causing the infection are sensitive to the medicine.


cipro dosageThe amount of ciprofloxacin needed for an effective therapy depends on the kind of disease and condition of the patient. For example, Cipro may be used in pediatric patients in dose from 10 to 15 mg per kilo depending on the disease. The minimum amount of the medicine for adults is 250 mg. The maximum dosage of cipro 750 mg medication is needed if a patient is suffering from such conditions as skin structure infections, bone and joint infections, lower respiratory tract infections or plague. However, the most common dosage is a pill containing ciprofloxacin 500 mg.

Cipro is to be taken each 12 hours with a glass of water. The term of therapy varies from a single dose to 60 days in case of Inhalational anthrax. Dosage and term of therapy may be used in case of renal dysfunction in patients.


The most crucial contraindication for using Cipro is allergy to its active agent or any other components of the medicine, as well as history of allergic reactions to a fluoroquinolone antibacterial drug. Other ciprofloxacin contraindications include:

  • Liver problems;
  • Severe kidney conditions;
  • Tendon problems;
  • Central nervous system disorders;
  • Cardiovascular system disorders;
  • Joint problems or muscle weakness;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Breastfeeding.

cipro hcl vs ciproThese conditions don’t absolutely exclude the intake of Cipro, but make you doctor choose special dosage and additional therapy for you.

When starting to take Cipro, it’s necessary to inform your physician if you are currently taking such medicines as diuretics, steroids, theophylline, blood thinners, anti-psychotics, antiarrhythmic, sildenafil, etc. These drugs interact with ciprofloxacin and can either cause serious side effects or make it useless.

Side Effects

Cipro can affect your alertness and coordination by causing dizziness or lightheadedness, that’s why it’s better to avoid driving a car or other actions alike. During the therapy with ciprofloxacin your skin becomes vulnerable to sunlight, that’s why shouldn’t tan or stay in the sun for long.

Other possible side effects include:

  • Diarrhea;
  • Sneezing;
  • Nausea;
  • Upset stomach;
  • White sores in the mouth;
  • Swelling;
  • Breathing problems;
  • Irregular heartbeat;
  • Pain while passing urine;
  • Headache;
  • Tendon;
  • Seizure;
  • Redness.